Looker requires at least MongoDB version 4.0+ and MongoDB Connector for BI version 2.6.0+ (where the
type_conversion_modesession variable was introduced).
Looker can access MongoDB using the MongoDB Connector for BI using two options:
- Using the MongoDB Connector for BI in MongoDB Atlas.
- Using a MongoDB Connector for BI installed on the same server as the MongoDB database.
Your MongoDB Atlas must use an M10+ cluster. For Looker to use a MongoDB database running on MongoDB Atlas, you must use the MongoDB Connector for BI (MongoBI). Enabling the BI Connector for Atlas requires that MongoDB Atlas use a M10+ cluster.
You must also create a user account that has read permissions for the desired database.
Configuring the MongoDB Connector for BI
Before creating a connection in Looker, your MongoDB or Atlas administrator needs to set up the MongoDB Connector for BI using the following steps, which are explained below:
- Add the Looker server to the Atlas Whitelist
- Enable the MongoDB Connector for BI
- Allow use of regular derived tables (recommended)
Adding the Looker Server to the Atlas Whitelist
Atlas only allows client connections from entries in the project’s whitelist. Add Looker’s IP address to the Atlas project’s whitelist:
- Get Looker’s IP address.
- Follow the Atlas Whitelist Setup instructions to add Looker’s IP address to the Atlas whitelist.
Enabling the MongoDB Connector for BI
Enable the MongoDB Connector for BI:
- Verify that you are on a M10+ cluster.
- In Atlas, open the Connect page for the cluster. Make a note of the hostname, port, and user. You’ll need to use that information when configuring the connection in Looker.
MongoDB on the Same Server
Before creating a connection in Looker, your MongoDB administrator should set up MongoDB and the Mongo Connector for BI using the following steps, which are explained below:
- Installing the Mongo Connector for BI
- Encrypting network traffic
- Setting up the Looker user and permissions
- Allowing use of regular derived tables (recommended)
Installing the Mongo Connector for BI
> Install the MongoDB Connector for BI on the same server as the MongoDB database, as explained on the Install BI Connector On Premises MongoDB documentation page.
Encrypting Network Traffic
The MongoDB Connector for BI requires using SSL encryption between MongoDB’s server and the Looker application. Follow the SSL setup instructions on the Configure SSL for BI Connector MongoDB documentation page.
Setting Up the Looker User and Permissions
In the MongoDB shell, create a user for Looker with the role
- Specify the database that you want Looker to access:
- Create a new user, typically called
looker, and give it
readWriteAnyDatabasepermission. In the following example, change
some_password_hereto a unique, secure password:
Installing the MongoBI JDBC Driver Files
For both MongoDB Connector for BI options, Looker requires configuring JDBC driver files by doing the following steps:
Download these two JAR files:
Follow the steps on the Custom JDBC Drivers documentation page using the values below:
- name: mongobi dir_name: mongobi module_path: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver override_jdbc_url_subprotocol: mysql
If you are on Looker 6.2 or below:
- name: maria15x dir_name: mongobi module_path: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver override_jdbc_url_subprotocol: mysql
For the step to put the driver in your dialect’s directory, the paths to these files will look like this:
Allowing Use of Regular Derived Tables (Recommended)
Derived tables are important tools in Looker that enable you to expand the sophistication of your analyses. They can also play a valuable role in enhancing query performance. At a high level, Looker’s derived table functionality provides a way to create new tables that don’t already exist in your database.
The MongoDB Connector for BI supports temporary regular derived tables but does not yet support persistent derived tables.
Since regular derived tables are temporary, they do not need to be stored. Thus, you don’t need to create a schema for them. However, you need to grant the
dbOwner role to
looker_tmp schema, even if that schema does not exist.
Follow the Modify MongoDB Users section on this MongoDB documentation page to add the
dbOwner role on
looker_tmp for the user account Looker will use to connect.
Connecting Looker to Mongo
Configure a database connection via the Looker interface. From the Admin section, select Connections then New Connection. See the Connecting Looker to Your Database documentation page for more information.
Click on Test These Settings to verify the connection is successful. The Testing Database Connectivity documentation page has troubleshooting information.
Using SQL Functions and Operators with MongoDB Connector for BI
When developing using a MongoDB Connector for BI connection, you can use the SQL functions and operators listed on this MongoDB documentation page.
Looker’s ability to provide some features depends on whether the database dialect can support them.
In the current Looker release, MongoDB supports the following Looker features:
- MongoDB does not support millisecond and microsecond timeframes for dimension groups.
- MongoDB does not support millisecond, millisecondX, and microsecond types for dimensions.
- Looker treats all timestamps accessed from MongoBI as being in the coordinated universal time (UTC) time zone.
After completing the database configuration, you can connect to the database from Looker using these directions.