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cluster_keys

Usage

view: view_name {
  derived_table: {
    cluster_keys: ["customer_city", "customer_state"]
    …
  }
}

Hierarchy

cluster_keys

- or -

cluster_keys

Default Value

None

Accepts

One or more clustered column names

Special Rules

cluster_keys is supported only on specific dialects

Definition

Clustering a partitioned table sorts the data in a partition based on the values in the clustered columns and organizes the clustered columns in optimally sized storage blocks. Clustering can improve the performance and reduce the cost of queries that filter on or aggregate by the clustered columns.

See the Dialect support for cluster_keys section below for the list of dialects that support cluster_keys.

The cluster_keys parameter works only with tables that are persistent, such as PDTs and aggregate tables. cluster_keys is not supported for derived tables without a persistence strategy.

In addition, the cluster_keys parameter is not supported for derived tables that are defined using create_process or sql_create.

Lastly, Google BigQuery supports clustering on partitioned tables only. The cluster_keys parameter works only with PDTs or aggregate tables that are also partitioned using the partition_keys parameter.

To add a clustered column to a persistent derived table (PDT) or an aggregate table, use the cluster_keys parameter and supply the names of the columns you want clustered in the database table.

Examples

Create a customer_order_facts native derived table on a Google BigQuery database, partitioned on the date column and clustered on the city, age_tier, and gender columns to optimize queries that are filtered or aggregated on those columns:

view: customer_order_facts { derived_table: { explore_source: order { column: customer_id { field: order.customer_id } column: date { field: order.order_time } column: city { field: users.city} column: age_tier { field: users.age_tier } column: gender { field: users.gender } derived_column: num_orders { sql: COUNT(order.customer_id) ;; } } partition_keys: [ "date" ] cluster_keys: [ "city", "age_tier", "gender" ] datagroup_trigger: daily_datagroup } }

Things to consider

Google BigQuery tables can partition only on date fields

Google BigQuery tables can be partitioned only on a date or timestamp column. If you want to add clustered columns to a PDT or aggregate table that does not include date or time-based data, one way to do that is to add a date column using a SQL statement such as SELECT CURRENT_DATETIME() as now, and then use partition_keys to partition on the new column. You can then use clustering on other columns in your PDT or aggregate table.

Dialect support for cluster_keys

The ability to use cluster_keys depends on the database dialect your Looker connection is using. In Looker 21.8, the following dialects support cluster_keys:

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